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Rabies, symptoms, treatment, prevention and first aid

Being attacked by an animal infected with viral canine fever exposes the infected person to many risks that, if not treated quickly, cause death, let alone rabid animals spread in the streets, we highlight in this article on rabies, its symptoms, treatment, methods of prevention, and how to provide first aid to an infected person.
What is Rabies?
 Rabies is a disease transmitted through the mouth of a dog, known as “Rabies”, into the blood of a person who has been attacked, and this virus causes the nerve cells in the person’s brain to be attacked, causing encephalitis.
Rabies symptoms:
Headaches. Excessive laziness or lethargy
 . Paralysis of the swallowing muscles. The person’s cognitive functions deteriorate, he cannot pay attention, and this may result in dementia.
 Excessive aggression. Aerophobia and hydrophobia. Disorders that can lead to death. High temperature.
Causes of rabies:
 Some people wonder why this happens when dogs are tame animals.
The saliva of infected dogs contains a type of fever, this viral fever is distributed on the dog’s tongue and nerve nodes located in the salivary glands, and appears after a week on its mouth, so doctors recommend that dogs should be vaccinated while raising them at home.
What happens to people infected with rabies?
 People who have been exposed to the risk of infection are infected by the wounds and scratches caused by the attack, and the deeper the wound, the higher the chances of contracting the viral fever.
Rabies virus incubation period?
 The incubation period of the rabies virus lasts from 4 to 6 weeks, but sometimes it lasts more than 6 months and sometimes up to a year.
Diagnosis of rabies:
 The doctor tests for antibodies present in the body to detect them through urine and saliva, but in general, there are no clinical tests that show rabies, and the doctor cannot recognise rabies if there is no hydrophobia or aerophobia.
 Animals that carry rabies:
It is not only dogs that carry this virus, but there are several animals that carry rabies, namely: Monkeys Cats Foxes Ferrets Jackals Raccoons. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), the highest percentage of people who contracted rabies from bat bites died, and the highest percentage was in America and Canada, according to the organisation. All mammals in general carry rabies.
The most common groups affected by rabies:
 No one is excluded from contracting this virus, but through annual statistics, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has recorded that the people most at risk of contracting rabies are children between the ages of 4 years and 15 years, mostly males, due to the fact that this group is more likely to love dogs and play with them.
Rabies treatment:
If the diagnosis of rabies is confirmed, the doctor will prescribe the following treatment: Applying antiseptics to the irritated tissues in the skin, these antiseptics and medications are antibiotics that help eliminate the virus. The doctor gives intravenous immunoglobulin to strengthen the immune system against the virus. Isolate the rabies patient from the rest of the family, and isolate his/her food utensils, so that he/she does not transmit the infection to another person. Wear gloves made of medical materials when treating the patient.
 First aid when infected with rabies:
 Follow these methods to prevent the development of viral fever associated with rabies if you suspect it before going to the doctor: Wash the area thoroughly with water and iodine disinfectant. Apply Povidone iodine to the area, which kills germs and fungi and is an anti-rabies agent.
Recommendations to follow for domestic animal breeders:

There is no issue with animals touching your skin or feeding them. If an animal scratches you or they scratch you, you should be vaccinated immediately. If an animal’s tongue touches a wound or contaminates a wound, a vaccine containing anti-rabies substances should be administered, in addition to disinfecting the wound.

Methods of preventing rabies:
 The most important prevention is by maintaining the health of animals from infection with viral fever, especially the animals that we raise with us at home by the following: Always giving animals their own vaccines. Continuous examination of domestic animals. If the animals suffer from biting, they are quarantined for one to two weeks. In conclusion, if you or a member of your family is infected by one of the animals mentioned as causing rabies, contact a doctor immediately and you can perform first aid to minimise the chances of contracting viral rabies fever, and you can consult one of our doctors

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